Top 5 Deadliest Snakes In Asia, What They Can Do?
Number 5: The Indian Cobra
It goes by many names: the Indian cobra, the Asian cobra, the Spectacled cobra, or the Binocellate cobra to name a few. Whatever you decide to call it, this snake is one of THE deadliest snakes in all of Asia. Growing up to about 4 feet in length, the Indian Cobra is known for the spectacle pattern on its hood, which expands to a large size when they feel threatened.
In addition to living in India, they also populate parts of Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bangladesh.
These cobras will take up shelter anywhere they can. They often prefer the forest, though they HAVE been known to make their homes in densely populated urban areas as well. These snakes are protected by the Indian government under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act.
The Indian Cobra is one of the “big four”, a group of four snake species that account for the majority of human attacks in Asia. Their venom has the capacity to paralyze muscles and in more serious instances, cause respiratory failure and cardiac arrest. Furthermore, their venom contains enzymes that break down the body’s cells and tissue, leading the venom to spread at a much quicker rate than normal. Some estimates suggests that Indian Cobras are responsible for as many as 10,000 deaths per year. Experts argue, however, that as few as 7% of the bites are fatal if medical treatment is sought quickly enough.
Their proclivity for residing near humans is part of what makes them so dangerous. For example, one such place they’re found are in rice patties. As such, many of the Indian cobra attacks on humans occur in these rice fields. Additionally, they are commonly used by snake charmers. Snake charmers like to use their flutes to make the snakes appear to dance. However, cobras are deaf, but they use the movement of the pipe and the vibrations from the ground (as the charmers will tap the ground) in order to move in sync with their masters.
Indian Cobras hold a special place in Hindu culture. They are considered by many to be a powerful deity. Shiva, a Hindu god, is often depicted with having one of these cobras around His neck. They are also worshipped during the Hindu festival, Nag Panchami.
Number 4: Russell’s Viper
This snake also goes by the names Daboia, scissors viper, seven pacer, or the chain viper. It is most commonly known as Russell’s viper as an homage to the famed herpetologist, Patrick Russell, who studied the snakes extensively during the 18th century. Due to their aggressive behavior and wide-ranging distribution, Russell’s vipers are considered to be among the deadliest in Asia. They account for a relatively high number of snakebites and deaths each year.
While they are found in a wide array of habitats, such as grassy plains, bushy areas, and coastal lowlands, they also frequent densely populated urban areas, which is one of the reasons why they’re so dangerous. Additionally, they behave very aggressively if they feel threatened or provoked. When threatened, Russell’s vipers form a series of loops with their body, raising the upper portion into a striking position. They will then emit a hiss that is believed to the loudest in the world. Once they attack, they can catapult themselves towards their intended target, landing a bite that is either quick or one in which they can dig their fangs in and latch on for a few moments.